According to the World Intellectual Property Organization, Intellectual Property (IP) refers to creations of the mind, such as inventions; literary and artistic works; designs; and symbols, names and images used in commerce. IP is protected in law by, for example, patents, copyright and trademarks, which enable people to earn recognition or financial benefit from what they invent or create.
Intelectual property is divided in two categories:
Industrial Property: Includes patents for inventions, trademarks, industrial designs and geographical indications.
Author´s right (or copyright): Covers literary works (such as novels, poems and plays), films, music, artistic works (e.g., drawings, paintings, photographs and sculptures) software and architectural design. Rights related to copyright include those of performing artists in their performances, producers of phonograms in their recordings, and broadcasters in their radio and television programs.
What are intellectual property rights?
A patent is a set of exclusive rights, granted for a limited period of time, for an invention, which is a product or a process that provides, in general, a new way of doing something, or offers a new technical solution to a problem, in exchange for a disclosure of an invention. Patentable inventions must be new, useful and non-obvious.
What can be protected using patents: Patents are generally used to protect inventions.
What is author´s right?
Author´s right (or copyright)is a form of protection provided by the laws of Chile to the authors of “original works of authorship.” This protection is available to both published and unpublished works. The law generally gives the owner of author´s right the exclusive right to conduct and authorize various acts, including reproduction, public performance and making derivative works. Author´s right protection is automatically secured when a work is fixed into a tangible medium such as a book software code, video, etc.
What can be protected using author´s right?
· literary works such as novels, poems, plays, reference works, newspaper articles;
· computer programs, databases;
· films, musical compositions, and choreography;
· artistic works such as paintings, drawings, photographs, and sculpture;
· architecture; and
· advertisements, maps, and technical drawings.
What is a trademark?:
A trademark is a distinctive sign which identifies certain goods or services as those produced or provided by a specific person or enterprise. Trademarks helps consumers identify and purchase a product or service because its nature and quality, indicated by its unique trademark, meets their needs.
A trademark provides protection to the owner of the mark by ensuring the exclusive right to use it to identify goods or services, or to authorize another to use it in return for payment.